Alabama, 2006 - SB 45

State: Alabama Date introduced: January 10, 2006 Bill Number: SB45 Bill Title: Academic Freedom Act Current Status: Indefinitely postponed on Senate floor; legislative session ended

Text as introduced.

SB45 71386-4 By Senator Mitchell RFD: Education First Read: 10-JAN-06 PFD: 12/28/2005 71386-4:n:12/28/2005:MF*/tan LRS2005-574R2 SYNOPSIS: Existing law does not expressly provide a right nor does it expressly protect tenure and employment for a public school teacher or a teacher at an institution of higher education for presenting scientific information pertaining to the full range of scientific views. In addition, students are not expressly provided a right to positions on views. This bill would expressly provide rights and protection for teachers concerning scientific presentations on views and students concerning their positions on views. A BILL TO BE ENTITLED AN ACT Providing teacher rights and protection for a public school teacher or a teacher at an institution of higher education to present scientific information pertaining to the full range of scientific views in applicable curricula or in a course of learning; providing employment and tenure protection and protection against discrimination for any public school teacher or teacher at a public institution of higher education related to the presentation of such information; and providing student protection for subscribing to a particular position on views. BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF ALABAMA: Section 1. This law shall be known as the "Academic Freedom Act." Section 2. The Legislature finds that existing law does not expressly protect the right of teachers identified by the United States Supreme Court in Edwards v. Aguillard to present scientific critiques of prevailing scientific theories. The Legislature further finds that existing law does not expressly protect the right of students to hold a position on views. It is the intent of the Legislature that this act expressly protects those rights. Section 3. Every K-12 public school teacher or teacher or instructor in any two-year or four-year public institution of higher education, or in any graduate or adult program thereof, in the State of Alabama, shall have the affirmative right and freedom to present scientific information pertaining to the full range of scientific views in any curricula or course of learning. Section 4. No K-12 public school teacher or teacher or instructor in any two-year or four-year public institution of higher education, or in any graduate or adult program thereof, in the State of Alabama, shall be terminated, disciplined, denied tenure, or otherwise discriminated against for presenting scientific information pertaining to the full range of scientific views in any curricula or course of learning, provided, with respect to K-12 teachers, the Alabama Course of Study for Science has been taught as appropriate to the grade and subject assignment. Section 5. Students may be evaluated based upon their understanding of course materials, but no student in any public school or institution of higher education, shall be penalized in any way because he or she may subscribe to a particular position on any views. Section 6. The rights and privileges contained in this act apply when topics are taught that may generate controversy, such as biological or chemical origins. Nothing in this act shall be construed as requiring or encouraging any change in the state curriculum standards in K-12 public schools, nor shall any provision of this act be construed as prescribing the curricular content of any course in any two-year or four-year public institution of higher education in the state. Section 7. Nothing in this act shall be construed as protecting as scientific any view that lacks published empirical or observational support or that has been soundly refuted by empirical or observational science in published scientific debate. Likewise, the protection provided by this act shall not be restricted by any metaphysical or religious implications of a view, so long as the views are defensible from and justified by empirical science and observation of the natural world. Section 8. Nothing in this act shall be construed as promoting any religious doctrine, promoting discrimination for or against a particular set of religious beliefs, or promoting discrimination for or against religion or non-religion. Section 9. This act shall become effective on the first day of the third month following its passage and approval by the Governor, or its otherwise becoming law.

Text of Education Committee Substitute

83646-2 : n : 03/15/2006 : Figures / mme SENATE EDUCATION COMMITTEE SUBSTITUTE FOR SB45 SYNOPSIS: Existing law does not expressly provide a right nor does it expressly protect tenure and employment for a public school teacher or a teacher at an institution of higher education for presenting scientific information pertaining to the full range of scientific views. In addition, students are not expressly provided a right to positions on views. This bill would expressly provide rights and protection for teachers concerning scientific presentations on views and students concerning their positions on views. A BILL TO BE ENTITLED AN ACT Providing teacher rights and protection for a public school teacher or a teacher at an institution of higher education to present scientific information pertaining to the full range of scientific views in applicable curricula or in a course of learning; providing employment and tenure protection and protection against discrimination for any public school science teacher or science teacher at a public institution of higher education related to the presentation of such information; and providing student protection for subscribing to a particular position on views. BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF ALABAMA: Section 1. This law shall be known as the "Academic Freedom Act." Section 2. The Legislature finds that existing law does not expressly protect the right of teachers identified by the United States Supreme Court in Edwards v. Aguillard to present scientific critiques of prevailing scientific theories. The Legislature further finds that existing state law does not expressly protect the right of students to hold a position on views. It is the intent of the Legislature that this act expressly protects those rights. Section 3. Every K-12 public school science teacher or science teacher or science instructor in any two-year or four-year public institution of higher education, or in any graduate or adult program thereof, in the State of Alabama, shall have the affirmative right and freedom to present scientific information pertaining to the full range of scientific views in any science course. Section 7. Nothing in this act shall be construed as protecting as scientific any view that lacks published empirical or observational support or that has been soundly refuted by empirical or observational science in published scientific debate. Likewise, the protection provided by this act shall not be affected by the fact that such scientific views are consistent with any religion or philosophy, so long as the views are defensible entirely from and justified by empirical science and observation of the natural world. Section 8. Nothing in this act shall be construed as promoting any religious doctrine, promoting discrimination for or against a particular set of religious beliefs, or promoting discrimination for or against religion or non-religion. Section 9. This act shall become effective on the first day of the third month following its passage and approval by the Governor, or its otherwise becoming law.