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The Theory of Island Biogeography

by Robert H MacArthur and Edward O Wilson
Princeton (NJ): Princeton University Press, 2001. 224 pages.

From the jacket copy of the 2001 edition, with a new preface by Wilson: “In this book, the authors developed a general theory to explain the facts of island biogeography. The theory builds on the first principles of population ecology and genetics to explain how distance and area combine to regulate the balance between immigration and extinction in island populations. The authors then test the theory against data. ... The Theory of Island Biogeography remains at the center of discussions about the geographic distribution of species.” Ted Case describes it as “arguably the most influential book in biogeography in the last hundred years.”