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Biology and the Foundations of Ethics

edited by Jane Maienschein and Michael Ruse
Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1999. 344 pages.

Collected in Biology and the Foundations of Ethics are twelve accomplished essays by distinguished historians and philosophers of science that consider the historical debates over the connection between biology — in particular evolutionary biology — and foundational questions in ethics, from Aristotle through Hume, Darwin, and Nietzsche to E. O. Wilson. Contributors include Michael Bradie writing on the moral status of animals in 18th-century British philosophy, Paul Farber writing on French evolutionary ethics during the Third Republic, and Michael Ruse writing on the 20th-century biologists George Gaylord Simpson and Julian Huxley.