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Old Earth Creationism

Old Earth Creationism (OEC), is a variety of creationism which has existed for hundreds of years; it encompasses a wide range of beliefs. Like Young Earth Creationists, Old Earth Creationists hold that various aspects of living things were created by special supernatural intervention. Unlike Young Earth Creationists, however, Old Earth Creationists accept the scientific evidence for the age of the earth and the universe.

Selling Pandas

Title: 
Selling Pandas
Author(s): 
Robert J. Schadewald
Issue: 
1

For about a year, the Foundation for Thought and Ethics (FTE) has been trying to get the creationist book Of Pandas and People into the public schools as a supplementary text. Scott Brande described how FTE, Haughton Publishing Company (the nominal publisher), and various religious activists tried to get it approved in Alabama (NCSE Reports 9(6):5, 10(1);8). Eugenie Scott has reviewed Pandas (NCSE Reports 10(1):16).

Year: 
1991
Date: 
January–February
Page(s): 
10–11
This version might differ slightly from the print publication.

The Foundation for Thought and Ethics

National Center for Science Education Reports
Title: 
The Foundation for Thought and Ethics
Author(s): 
John A. Thomas
Issue: 
4
Year: 
1990
Date: 
July–August
Page(s): 
18–19
This version might differ slightly from the print publication.

Readers of NCSE Reports know that a new creationist book, Of Pandas and People, is making the rounds. Scott Brande has described the efforts of Haughton Publishing Co. to get Pandas adopted in Alabama as a supplementary text (NCSE Reports 9(6):5 and 10(1):8). Pandas presents the "intelligent design" version of the origin of species in an attractive wrapper without any explicit sign of religious creationism (see review, NCSE Reports 10(1):16).

Review: Of Pandas and People

NCSE Reports
Year: 
1990
Issue: 
1
Date: 
January–February
Page(s): 
16–18
Reviewer: 
Eugenie C. Scott, Executive Director of NCSE
This version might differ slightly from the print publication.
Work under Review
Title: 
Of Pandas and People
Author(s): 
Dean Kenyon and Percival Davis, edited by Charles Thaxton
Dallas: Haughton Publishing, 1989.


Of Pandas and People (hereafter Pandas) exemplifies the new creationism, which conceals its theological underpinnings better than the old Institute for Creation Research variety. Here, the Creator is cloaked in the euphemism "intelligent design." Like traditional creationist works, this book is laden with misstatements, misunderstandings, or incomplete descriptions of evolution, and the errors and omissions always favor "intelligent design." This review will describe only a few of its errors.

New Creationist Book On the Way

National Center for Science Education Reports
Title: 
New Creationist Book On the Way
Author(s): 
Eugenie C. Scott
Issue: 
2
Year: 
1989
Date: 
March–April
Page(s): 
21
This version might differ slightly from the print publication.

The Texas-based Foundation for Thought and Ethics (FTE) has been looking for two years or so (to our knowledge) for a publisher for a supplemental textbook for public school science classes. FTE’s goal is "to help restore freedom of choice to young people in the classroom, especially as it relates to matters of religion and conscience." Creationist-watchers will recognize this as a term of art for getting sectarian religious views into the classroom. Their supplementary book, originally entitled Biology and Origins, looks like it is going to finally get published.

Review: Who Was Adam?

Year: 
2006
Title: 
Who Was Adam? A Creation Model Approach to the Origin of Man
Issue: 
5
Author(s): 
Fazale Rana with Hugh Ross
Date: 
September-October
Among the creationist books that adorn my shelves, Who was Adam? is noteworthy for its fine style and rare candor. Even the introductory section recounting scientific knowledge of human evolution is remarkably well-written, yet nuanced enough to allow a modicum of doubt. And although the authors are irritatingly repetitive as they pound their point home, one can sense their genuine enthusiasm for the subject and their fervent belief in their conclusions. Well-written, however, is not the same as logically sound.

Colorado Springs (CO): NavPress, 2005. 299 pages.
Page(s): 
37–38
Reviewer: 
Jeffrey K McKee
The Ohio State University
About the Author(s): 
Jeffrey K McKee
Department of Anthropology
The Ohio State University
Columbus OH 43210-1316
mckee.95@osu.edu
This version might differ slightly from the print publication.

Review: Creation as Science

Year: 
2006
Title: 
Creation as Science: A Testable Model Approach to End the Creation-Evolution Wars
Issue: 
5
Author(s): 
Hugh Ross
Date: 
September-October
Those familiar with Hugh Ross and his Reasons to Believe (RTB) ministry will find many familiar themes in Creation as Science. Ross is an old-earth creationist with a background in astronomy who believes that science and the Bible tell the same history. Ross seeks to prove that the universe has been fine-tuned for human civilization by the biblical God and could not have come about by chance. The point of this book is to challenge others, creationists and non-creationists alike, to compare their models of earth history with his, using scientific data as a test.

Colorado Springs (CO): NavPress, 2006. 291 pages
Page(s): 
35–37
Reviewer: 
Timothy H Heaton,
University of South Dakota
About the Author(s): 
Timothy H Heaton
Department of Earth Sciences
University of South Dakota
Vermillion SD 57069
theaton@usd.edu
This version might differ slightly from the print publication.

Review: Origins of Life

Year: 
2007
Title: 
Origins of Life: Biblical and Evolution Models Face Off
Issue: 
3–4
The standing of evolutionary biology is independent of the origin of life. This has been true from the publication of Darwin's On the Origin of Species in 1859. In that work, Darwin allotted less than a page toward the end of 670 pages of text to the question. The last two sentences of the sixth edition read:
Author(s): 
Fazale Rana and Hugh Ross
Date: 
May-August
Colorado Springs (CO): NavPress, 2004. 298 pages
Page(s): 
45–48

References



Lazcano A, Miller SL. 1994. How long did it take for life to begin and evolve to cyanobacteria? Journal of Molecular Evolution 39 (6): 546-54.

Lazcano A, Miller SL. 1996. The origin and early evolution of life: Prebiotic chemistry, the pre-RNA world, and time. Cell 85: 793-8.

Moreland JP, editor. 1994. The Creation Hypothesis: Scientific Evidence for the Intelligent Designer. Downers Grove (IL): InterVarsity Press.

Numbers RL. 1993. The Creationists: The Evolution of Scientific Creationism. Berkeley (CA): University of California Press.

Orgel L. 1973. The Origins of Life: Molecules and Natural Selection. New York: John Wiley and Sons.

Pavlov A, Kasting JK, Eigenbrode JL, Freeman KH. 2001. Organic haze in Earth's early atmosphere: Source of low-13C Late Archean kerogens? Geology 29 (11): 1003-6.

Rosing TM. 1999. 13C-depleted carbon microparticles in >3700-Ma sea-floor sedimentary rocks from west Greenland. Science 283 (5402): 674-6.

Shapiro R. 1986. Origins: A Skeptics Guide to the Creation of Life on Earth. New York: Summit Books.

Scott EC. 2005. Evolution vs. Creationism: An Introduction. Berkeley (CA): University of California Press.

Thaxton CB, Bradley WL, Olsen RL. 1984. The Mystery of Life's Origin. New York: Philosophical Library.

Woese C. 1998. The universal ancestor. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 95 (12): 6854-9.

Woese C. 2002. On the evolution of cells. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 99 (13): 8742-7.

Reviewer: 
Gary S Hurd
About the Author(s): 
Gary S Hurd
c/o NCSE
PO Box 9477
Berkeley CA 94709-0477
ncseoffice@ncseweb.org

Gary S Hurd is a scientist with interests in anthropology, archaeology, and forensic taphonomy; he was formerly Curator of Anthropology and Director of Education for the Orange County (California) Natural History Museum. His contribution to Why Intelligent Design Fails (New Brunswick [NJ]: Rutgers University Press, 2004), edited by Matt Young and Taner Edis, was cited in the Kitzmiller decision.

This version might differ slightly from the print publication.

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