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4) Climate varies over space and time through both natural and human processes.
3) Life on Earth depends on, is shaped by, and affects climate.
The third principle discusses where biology and climate meet.
2) Climate is regulated by complex interactions among components of the Earth system.
1) The Sun is the primary source of energy for Earth’s climate system.
The difference between weather and climate is a matter of time.
Understanding how human activities are causing climate and other global changes requires a basic understanding of climate, how it differs from weather, and at least a little about how climate and related science is conducted.
To convey key climate change concepts effectively, it is vital to be aware of fundamental misconceptions about climate, which are widespread.
Here is a selection of high-quality free on-line resources helpful for teachers looking to review the basics of climate science, understand the historical development of the science, improve their climate science pedagogy, and prepare to counter doubt and denial about climate change.
Climate change denial is already threatening the integrity of science education in formal and informal education settings. In the public schools, such threats are primarily due to laws adopted or considered at the level of state government, policies adopted or considered at the level of the local school district, and actions adopted or considered at the level of the individual classroom, where teachers may either deny climate change themselves or encounter pressure from climate change deniers in the community.