"Academic Freedom" Legislation

In recent years, most state-level legislative attacks on evolution have taken the form of "academic freedom" bills, which permit — but do not require — teachers and students to introduce creationist material into science classes. Because these bills are permissive rather than prescriptive, they may have a better chance of surviving judicial scrutiny than has past antievolution legislation.

There are two main strains of "academic freedom" bills. The first mandates that teachers be able to discuss "the full range of scientific views regarding biological and chemical evolution," and offers students "protection for subscribing to a particular position on views regarding biological or chemical evolution." Bills of this strain typically also include unsubstantiated claims of widespread persecution of teachers and students who criticize evolution. The Discovery Institute’s "Model Academic Freedom Statute on Evolution" is of this form.

The second strain does not purport to be concerned with student rights, and cites the need to help students develop "critical thinking skills" on "controversial issues." To this end, it permits teachers to discuss "the scientific strengths and scientific weaknesses of existing scientific theories." The listed "theories" often cover several topics of concern to the religious right: primarily evolution and abiogenesis, but also global warming, human cloning and stem cell research. One example of this strain is 2008’s Louisiana Science Education Act.

From 2004 to spring 2011, at least forty such bills have been filed in 13 states. However, only the Louisiana Science Education Act has so far been signed into law.

This section of our website provides information on the texts, history and current legislative status of "academic freedom" bills.

Chronology of "Academic Freedom" Bills

Date of Introduction State Bill Number Current Status
February 12, 2004 AlabamaHB391 Dead
February 17, 2004 AlabamaSB336 Dead
February 8, 2005 AlabamaHB352 Dead
February 8, 2005 AlabamaSB240 Dead
April 5, 2005 AlabamaHB716 Dead
January 9, 2006 OklahomaHB 2107 Dead
January 10, 2006 AlabamaHB106 Dead
January 10, 2006 AlabamaSB45 Dead
January 24, 2006 OklahomaSB 1959 Dead
February 16, 2006 MarylandHB 1531 Dead
January 21, 2007 New MexicoSB 371 Dead
January 24, 2007 New MexicoHB 506 Dead
March 13, 2007 MissouriHB 469 Dead
February 7, 2008 Discovery Institute offers model language for academic freedom bills
February 29, 2008 FloridaSB 2692 Dead
March 4, 2008 FloridaHB 1483 Dead
March 31, 2008 LouisianaSB 561/733 Passed
April 1, 2008 MissouriHB 2554 Dead
April 21, 2008 LouisianaHB1168 Dead
April 24, 2008 AlabamaHB923 Dead
April 30, 2008 MichiganHB 6027 Dead
May 15, 2008 South CarolinaSB 1386 Dead
June 3, 2008 MichiganSB 1361 Dead
February 2, 2009 OklahomaSB 320 Dead
February 3, 2009 AlabamaHB300 Dead
February 3, 2009 IowaHF 183 Dead
February 3, 2009 New Mexico SB 433 Dead
February 10, 2009 Missouri HB 656 Dead
March 13, 2009 Texas HB 4224 Dead
May 21, 2009 South Carolina S 875 Dead
January 13, 2010 Missouri HB 1651 Dead
February 8, 2010 Kentucky HB 397 Dead
January 4, 2011 Kentucky HB 169 Dead
January 13, 2011 Missouri HB 195 Filed
February 1, 2011 New Mexico HB 302 Dead
February 7, 2011 Oklahoma HB 1551 Dead
February 7, 2011 Oklahoma SB 554 Dead
February 9, 2011 Tennessee HB 368 Passed in 2012
February 16, 2011 Tennessee SB 893 See HB 368 above.
March 5, 2011 Florida SB 1854 Dead
March 8, 2011 Texas HB 2454 Dead
January 9, 2012 Indiana HB 1140 Dead
February 6, 2012 Oklahoma SB 1742 Dead
February 7, 2012 Missouri HB 1276 Dead
November 5, 2012 Montana HB 183 Tabled in committee
January 16, 2013 Missouri HB 179 Referred to House Committee on Elementary and Secondary Education
January 16, 2013 Colorado HB 13-1089 Postponed indefinitely by House Committee on Education
January 17, 2013 Oklahoma HB 1674 Referred to House Committee on Common Education
January 17, 2013 Oklahoma SB 758 Referred to Senate Committee on Education
January 23, 2013 Indiana HB 1283 Referred to House Committee on Education
January 28, 2013 Arizona SB 1213 Referred to Senate Committees on Education and Rules

Discovery Institute's “Model Academic Freedom Statute on Evolution"

On February 7, 2008, the Discovery Institute launched academicfreedompetition.com in cooperation with Motive Marketing, one of the companies in charge of promoting Expelled. Among other things, this site contains the following model "academic freedom" bill:


MODEL ACADEMIC FREEDOM STATUTE ON EVOLUTION
[version: 9/7/2007]


SYNOPSIS: Existing law does not expressly provide a right nor does it expressly protect tenure and employment for a public school teacher or teacher at an institution of higher education for presenting scientific information pertaining to the full range of scientific views regarding biological and chemical evolution. In addition, students are not expressly provided a right to positions on views regarding biological and chemical evolution.

This bill would expressly provide rights and protection for teachers concerning scientific presentations on views regarding biological and chemical evolution and students concerning their positions on views regarding biological and chemical evolution.

A BILL
TO BE ENTITLED
AN ACT


Providing teacher rights and protection for a public school teacher or a teacher at an institution of higher education to present scientific information pertaining to the full range of scientific views regarding biological and chemical evolution in applicable curricula or in a course of learning; providing employment and tenure protection and protection against discrimination for any public school teacher or teacher at a public institution of higher education related to the presentation of such information; and providing student protection for subscribing to a particular position on views regarding biological or chemical evolution.

BE IT ENACTED BY ____________:

Section 1. This law shall be known as the "Academic Freedom Act."

Section 2. The Legislature finds that existing law does not expressly protect the right of teachers identified by the United States Supreme Court in Edwards v. Aguillard to present scientific critiques of prevailing scientific theories. The Legislature further finds that existing law does not expressly protect the right of students to hold a position on views regarding biological or chemical evolution. The Legislature further finds that the topic of evolution has generated intense controversy, lawsuits and threats of lawsuits, where some lower courts such as Kitzmiller et al. v. Dover Area School Board, have created confusion about the rights of teachers and students to hold differing views about scientific controversies and express those views without fear of adverse employment or academic consequences. Finally, the Legislature finds that school districts and school administrators should not bear the primary burden of defending the academic freedom of teachers and students to discuss the topics of biological or chemical evolution. It is the intent of the Legislature that this act expressly protects those rights.

Section 3. Every K-12 public school teacher or teacher or instructor in any two-year or four-year public institution of higher education, or in any graduate or adult program thereof, in the State of ______________, shall have the affirmative right and freedom to present scientific information pertaining to the full range of scientific views regarding biological and chemical evolution.

Section 4. No K-12 public school teacher or teacher or instructor in any two-year or four-year public institution of higher education, or in any graduate or adult program thereof, in the State of ___________, shall be terminated, disciplined, denied tenure, or otherwise discriminated against for presenting scientific information pertaining to the full range of scientific views regarding biological or chemical evolution in any curricula or course of learning, provided, with respect to K-12 teachers, the [insert official title of state’s science standards] has been taught as appropriate to the grade and subject assignment.

Section 5. Students may be evaluated based upon their understanding of course materials, but no student in any public school or institution of higher education shall be penalized in any way because he or she may subscribe to a particular position on any views regarding biological or chemical evolution.

Section 6. The rights and privileges contained in this act apply when the subject of biological or chemical origins is part of the curriculum. Nothing in this act shall be construed as requiring or encouraging any change in the state curriculum standards in K-12 public schools, nor shall any provision of this act be construed as prescribing the curricular content of any course in any two-year or four-year public institution of higher education in the state.

Section 7. Nothing in this act shall be construed as promoting any religious doctrine, promoting discrimination for or against a particular set of religious beliefs, or promoting discrimination for or against religion or non-religion.

Section 8. This act shall become effective on the first day of the third month following its passage and approval by the Governor, or its otherwise becoming law.

"Academic Freedom" Bills by State & Year

Alabama, 2004

The first specifically antievolution bills to invoke “academic freedom" were introduced in Alabama in 2004.

Bill Details


Bill Number: HB391
Title: Academic Freedom Act
Introduction Date: February 12, 2004
Current Status: Indefinitely postponed in House; legislative session ended

Text as introduced


Bill Number: SB336
Title: Academic Freedom Act
Introduction Date: February 17, 2004
Current Status: Passed by Senate; not voted on by House before legislative session ended

Text as introduced
Text as amended and passed by Senate
Text of House Committee Substitute


Related NCSE Articles


News: "Alternative Theories" Legislation in Alabama
News: HB 391 Approved by Alabama House Education Committee
News: SB336 Approved by Alabama Senate Education Committee
News: "Academic Freedom Act" progresses in Alabama
News: "Academic Freedom Act" goes to floor of Alabama state House
News: Alabama legislature lets SB336 die without a vote

Related Off-Site Material


ALISON: Alabama Legislative Information System Online

Alabama Citizens for Science Education's information hub on 2004 legislation

Alabama, 2005

Three "academic freedom" bills were introduced in Alabama in 2005.

Bill Details


Bill Number: HB352
Title: Academic Freedom Act
Introduction Date: February 8, 2005
Current Status: Indefinitely postponed in House committee; legislative session ended

Text as introduced


Bill Number: SB240
Title: Academic Freedom Act
Introduction Date: February 8, 2005
Current Status: Indefinitely postponed in Senate committee; legislative session ended

Text as introduced


Bill Number: HB716
Title: Academic Freedom Act
Introduction Date: April 5, 2005
Current Status: No committee action before legislative session ended

Text as introduced


Related NCSE Articles


News: "Alternative Theories" Legislation — Again
News: Evolution in Alabama
News: Third 2005 Antievolution Bill Introduced in Alabama
News: Three antievolution bills die in Alabama

Related Off-Site Material


ALISON: Alabama Legislative Information System Online

Alabama, 2006

Two "academic freedom" bills were introduced in Alabama in 2006.

Bill Details


Bill Number: HB106
Title: Academic Freedom Act
Introduction Date: January 10, 2006
Current Status: No committee action before legislative session ended

Text as introduced


Bill Number: SB45
Title: Academic Freedom Act
Introduction Date: January 10, 2006
Current Status: Indefinitely postponed on Senate floor; legislative session ended

Text as introduced
Text of Education Committee Substitute


Related NCSE Articles


News: Two antievolution bills in Alabama
News: Alabama antievolution bills die

Related Off-Site Material


ALISON: Alabama Legislative Information System Online

Alabama, 2008

One "academic freedom" bill was introduced in Alabama in 2008.

Bill Details


Bill Number: HB923
Title: Academic Freedom Act
Introduction Date: April 24, 2008
Current Status: Indefinitely postponed in House committee; legislative session ended

Text as introduced


Related NCSE Articles


News: Antievolution legislation in Alabama
News: Alabama antievolution bill dies

Related Off-Site Material


ALISON: Alabama Legislative Information System Online

Alabama, 2009

One "academic freedom" bill has been introduced in Alabama in 2009.

Bill Details


Bill Number: HB300
Title: Academic Freedom Act
Introduction Date: February 3, 2009
Current Status: No action taken in the committee on Education Policy before legislative session ended

Text as introduced


Related NCSE Articles


News: Antievolution legislation in Alabama

Related Off-Site Material


ALISON: Alabama Legislative Information System Online

Florida, 2008

Two "academic freedom" bills were introduced in Florida in 2008.

Bill Details


Bill Number: SB 2692
Title: Academic Freedom Act/Evolution Academic Freedom Act
Introduction Date: February, 2008
Current Status: Senate & House could not reconcile versions before legislative session ended

Text as introduced
Text of Education Committee substitute
Text of House substitute



Bill Number: HB 1483
Title: Academic Freedom Act/none
Introduction Date: March 4, 2008
Current Status: Died in House when SB 2692 was substituted

Text as introduced
Text of Schools & Learning Council substitute



Related NCSE Articles


News: Antievolution legislation in Florida
News: A second antievolution bill in Florida
News: Opposition to the antievolution bills in Florida
News: Antievolution bills in Florida progress
News: Antievolution bills continue to advance through Florida legislature
News: Antievolution bills dead in Florida

Related Off-Site Material


Florida Senate: Information on SB 2692
Florida House: Information on HB 1483

Florida Citizens for Science: Tracking the 2008 "academic freedom" bills

Florida, 2011

One "academic freedom" bill has been introduced in Florida in 2011.

Bill Details


Bill Number: SB 1854
Title: none, "requiring that the instructional staff of a public school teach a thorough presentation and critical analysis of the scientific theory of evolution"
Introduction Date: March 5, 2011
Current Status: Referred to Education Pre-K - 12 Committee; Budget Committee.

Text as introduced



Related NCSE Articles


News: Antievolution legislation in Florida

Related Off-Site Material


Florida Legislature: Senate Bill 1854
Senate Journal on introduction of SB 1854

Iowa, 2009

One "academic freedom" bill has been introduced in Iowa in 2008.

Bill Details


Bill Number: HF 183
Title: Evolution Academic Freedom Act
Introduction Date: February 3, 2009
Current Status: No committee action; legislative session ended

Text as introduced



Related NCSE Articles


News: Antievolution legislation in Iowa
News: Iowa faculty decry antievolution bill
News: Antievolution bill dead in Iowa

Related Off-Site Material


Iowa Legislature: Information on HF 183

Kentucky, 2010

One "academic freedom" bill was introduced in Kentucky in 2010.

Bill Details


Bill Number: HB 397
Title: Kentucky Science Education and Intellectual Freedom Act
Introduction Date: February 8, 2010
Current Status: Failed in House Education Committee

Text as introduced


Related NCSE Articles


News: Antievolution legislation in Kentucky

News: Antievolution bill in Kentucky dies

Related Off-Site Material


Kentucky Legislature: Information on HB 397

Kentucky, 2011

One "academic freedom" bill was introduced in Kentucky in 2011.

Bill Details


Bill Number: HB 169
Title:AN ACT relating to science education and intellectual freedom.
Introduction Date: January 4, 2011
Current Status: Assigned to Education committee Jan. 5; legislative session ended without action

Text as introduced


Related NCSE Articles


News: Antievolution legislation in Kentucky

Related Off-Site Material


Kentucky legislative information on HB169

Louisiana, 2008

Two "academic freedom" bills were introduced in Louisiana in 2008.

Bill Details


Bill Number: SB561/SB733
Title: Louisiana Academic Freedom Act/Louisiana Science Education Act
Introduction Date: March 31, 2008
Current Status: Signed into law, June 25, 2008

Text of SB561 as introduced
Text of SB733 as substituted in Education Commitee
Text of SB733 as amended on Senate floor
Text of SB733 as signed by Governor Jindal



Bill Number: HB1168
Title: Louisiana Academic Freedom Act
Introduction Date: April 21, 2008
Current Status: No committee action before legislative session ended

Text of HB1168 as introduced



Related NCSE Articles


News: Antievolution legislation in Louisiana
News: Louisiana's antievolution bill under scrutiny
News: A second antievolution bill in Louisiana
News: Antievolution bill in Louisiana progresses
News: A third antievolution bill in Louisiana
News: Louisiana antievolution bill passes Senate
News: Louisiana's latest creationism bill moves to House floor
News: Louisiana creationism bill is on Governor's desk
News: Louisiana Coalition for Science calls for veto of creationist bill
News: Veto of Louisiana's antievolution bill urged
News: Louisiana governor signs creationist bill
News: Louisiana's antievolution law draws scrutiny
News: "Eroding Evolution" in Louisiana
News: Paleontologists decry Louisiana's antievolution law
News: A mixed result in Louisiana
News: Major biology conference shuns Louisiana

Related Off-Site Material


Louisiana Legislature: Information on SB561
Louisiana Legislature: Information on SB733
Louisiana Legislature: Information on HB1168

Maryland, 2006

One "academic freedom" bill was introduced in Maryland in 2006.

Bill Details


Bill Number: HB 1531
Title: Teachers Academic Freedom Act & Faculty Academic Freedom Act
Introduction Date: February 16, 2006
Current Status: Failed in Ways and Means Committee

Text as introduced
Fiscal and policy note


Related NCSE Articles


News: Antievolution legislation in Maryland
News: Both antievolution bills in Maryland dead

Related Off-Site Material


Maryland Legislature: Information on HB 1531

Michigan, 2008

Two "academic freedom" bills were introduced in Michigan in 2008.

Bill Details


Bill Number: HB 6027
Title: Academic Freedom Law
Introduction Date: April 30, 2008
Current Status: No committee action before legislative session ended

Text as introduced


Bill Number: SB 1361
Title: Academic Freedom Law
Introduction Date: June, 3, 2008
Current Status: No committee action before legislative session ended

Text as introduced


Related NCSE Articles


News: Antievolution legislation in Michigan
News: A second antievolution bill in Michigan
News: Antievolution bills dead in Michigan

Related Off-Site Material


Michigan Legislature: Information on HB 6027
Michigan Legislature: Information on SB 1361

Michigan Citizens for Science press release on HB 6027

Missouri, 2007

One Missouri bill was temporarily amended to contain "academic freedom" language in 2007.

Bill Details


Bill Number: HB469
Title: none
Introduction Date: January 18, 2007; amendment introduced in House on March 13, 2007

Current Status: Amendment removed same day; legislative session ended with bill still in Senate

Text of Amendment: Section 1. School districts shall provide education free from legal, political, and administrative intimidation, harassment, or constraint. No public elementary or secondary school teacher shall be refused employment, disciplined, denied advancement, transferred, or otherwise discriminated against for using a critical analysis in teaching.


Related Off-Site Material


Missouri Legislature: Information on HB469

Missouri, 2008

One "academic freedom" bill was introduced in Missouri in 2008.

Bill Details


Bill Number: HB2554
Title: none
Introduction Date: April 1, 2008
Current Status: Legislative session ended with bill on floor of House

Text as introduced



Related NCSE Articles


News: A new antievolution bill in Missouri
News: Missouri antievolution bill dies

Related Off-Site Material


Missouri Legislature: Information on HB2554

Missouri, 2009

One "academic freedom" bill has been introduced in Missouri in 2009.

Bill Details


Bill Number: HB656
Title: none
Introduction Date: February 10, 2009
Current Status: No action in House before legislative session ended.

Text as introduced



Related NCSE Articles


News: Antievolution legislation in Missouri

News: Antievolution bill dead in Missouri

Related Off-Site Material



Missouri Legislature: Information on HB656

Missouri, 2010

One "academic freedom" bill was introduced in Missouri in 2010.

Bill Details


Bill Number: HB 1651
Title: Teaching Controversial Scientific Material
Introduction Date: January 13, 2010
Current Status: Died in committee May 14, 2010

Text as introduced


Related NCSE Articles


News: Antievolution legislation in Missouri dies
News: Antievolution legislation in Missouri

Related Off-Site Material


Missouri Legislature: Information on HB 1651

Missouri, 2011

One "academic freedom" bill has been introduced in Missouri in 2011.

Bill Details


Bill Number: HB 195
Title: Academic Freedom to Teach Scientific Evidence Regarding Evolution
Introduction Date: January 13, 2011
Current Status: Received second reading, 1/18
Referred to Elementary and Secondary Education committee, 4/12

Text as introduced



Related NCSE Articles


News: Antievolution legislation in Missouri

Related Off-Site Material


Missouri Legislature: Information on HB 195

New Mexico, 2007

Two "academic freedom" bills were introduced in New Mexico in 2007.

Bill Details


Bill Number: SB 371
Title: none
Introduction Date: January 21, 2007
Current Status: Postponed indefinitely in committee; legislative session ended

Text as introduced
Fiscal Impact Report


Bill Number: HB 506
Title: none
Introduction Date: January 24, 2007
Current Status: Postponed indefinitely in committee; legislative session ended

Text as introduced
Fiscal Impact Report


Related NCSE Articles


News: Antievolution legislation in New Mexico
News: Second antievolution measure tabled in New Mexico
News: Antievolution measures dead in New Mexico

Related Off-Site Material


New Mexico Legislature: Information on SB 371
New Mexico Legislature: Information on HB 506

New Mexico, 2009

One "academic freedom" bill has been introduced in New Mexico in 2009.

Bill Details


Bill Number: SB 433
Title: none
Introduction Date: February 2, 2009
Current Status: Committee took no action before legislative session ended

Text as introduced
Fiscal Impact Report
Legislative Education Study Committee Bill Analysis
Public Education Department Bill Analysis


Related NCSE Articles


News: Antievolution legislation in New Mexico
News: Antievolution bill dead in New Mexico

Related Off-Site Material


New Mexico Legislature: Information on SB 433

New Mexicans for Science and Reason: Creationist Legislation, New Mexico Legislature, 2009 60-day Session

New Mexico, 2011

One "academic freedom" bill has been introduced in New Mexico in 2011.

Bill Details


Bill Number: HB 302
Title: Protection from certain scientific topics
Introduction Date: February 1, 2011
Current Status: Assigned to House Education committee, tabled in committee 2/18
Died in commitee, 3/18

Text as introduced



Related NCSE Articles


News: Antievolution legislation in New Mexico
News: Antievolution legislation in New Mexico tabled

Related Off-Site Material


New Mexico Legislature: Information on HB 302

Oklahoma, 2006

Two "academic freedom" bills were introduced in Oklahoma in 2006.

Bill Details


Bill Number: HB2107
Title: Academic Freedom Act
Introduction Date: January 9, 2006
Current Status: Passed by House; No Senate committee action before end of leglative session

Text as introduced
Text as amended and passed by House


Bill Number: SB1959
Title: none
Introduction Date: January 24, 2006
Current Status: No committee action before end of legislative session

Text as introduced


Related NCSE Articles


News: Antievolution legislation on the horizon in Oklahoma
News: A third antievolution bill in Oklahoma
News: Oklahoma update
News: Respite in Oklahoma

Related Off-Site Material


Oklahoma Legislature: Bill Search Form

Oklahoma, 2009

One "academic freedom" bill has been introduced in Oklahoma in 2009.

Bill Details


Bill Number: SB320
Title: Scientific Education and Academic Freedom Act
Introduction Date: February 2, 2009
Current Status: Failed in Education Committee

Text as introduced


Related NCSE Articles


News: Antievolution legislation in Oklahoma
News: Oklahoma antievolution bill dead

Related Off-Site Material


Oklahoma Legislature: Bill Search Form

Oklahomans for Excellence in Science Education handout on SB320

Oklahoma, 2011

Two "academic freedom" bill have been introduced in Oklahoma in 2011.

Bill Details


Bill Number: SB 554
Title: none; includes standard AFA language and language from Texas science standards to
Introduction Date: February 7, 2011
Current Status: Died in committee

Text as introduced



Bill Number: HB 4224
Title: Scientific Education and Academic Freedom Act
Introduction Date: February 7, 2011
Current Status: Tabled in House Education committee, February 23, 2011

Text as introduced



Related NCSE Articles


News: Antievolution legislation in Oklahoma
News: A second antievolution bill in Oklahoma
News: Antievolution bill loses in committee in Oklahoma
News: Antievolution bill apparently dies in Oklahoma Senate

Related Off-Site Material


Oklahoma Legislative search page, no permalinks provided

South Carolina, 2008

One "academic freedom" bill was introduced in South Carolina in 2008.

Bill Details


Bill Number: S 1386
Title: none
Introduction Date: May 15, 2008
Current Status: No committee action before legislative session ended

Text as introduced



Related NCSE Articles


News: Antievolution legislation in South Carolina
News: Antievolution legislation in South Carolina dies

Related Off-Site Material


South Carolina Legislature: Information on S 1386

South Carolina, 2009

Two "academic freedom" bills were introduced in South Carolina in 2009.

Bill Details


Bill Number: S 873
Title: none, legislative description: "to provide that curriculum used to teach students about the origins of mankind must maintain neutrality between religious faiths and between religion and non-religion, and to provide that curriculum that does not maintain the required neutrality must be revised or replaced as soon as practicable"
Introduction Date: May 21, 2009
Current Status: Referred to Senate Committee on Education, no committee action by end of legislative session

Text as introduced


Bill Details


Bill Number: S 875
Title: none, legislative description: "to provide that the state board of education, and district and school governing authorities, shall facilitate scientific education, including controversial scientific education, in the public schools of this state, to prohibit these authorities from impeding this education, and to provide for publication of the provisions of this act to school governing authorities"
Introduction Date: May 21, 2009
Current Status: Referred to Senate Committee on Education

Text as introduced


Related NCSE Articles


News: Antievolution legislation in South Carolina
News: Antievolution bills die in South Carolina

Related Off-Site Material


South Carolina Legislature: Information on S 873
South Carolina Legislature: Information on S 875

Tennessee, 2011

Two "academic freedom" bills have been introduced in Tennessee in 2011.

Bill Details


Bill Number: HB 368
Title: none, "protects a teacher from discipline for teaching scientific subjects in an objective manner"
Introduction Date: February 9, 2011
Current Status: Assigned to House Education committee, subcommittee hearings on 2/23, 3/2, 3/16
Passed House Education committee, 3/29
Passed Calendar and Rules Committee, 3/31
Passed House, 4/7

Text as introduced



Bill Number: SB 893
Title: none, "protects a teacher from discipline for teaching scientific subjects in an objective manner"
Introduction Date: February 16, 2011
Current Status: Assigned to General subcommittee of Senate Education committee, on hold until 2012

Text as introduced



Related NCSE Articles


News: Antievolution legislation in Tennessee
Second antievolution bill in Tennessee
Opposition to antievolution bill mounts in Tennessee, includes statement from Tennessee Science Teachers Association
Antievolution bill in Tennessee progresses
Antievolution bills in Tennessee advance
Latest on Tennessee's antievolution bills
Tennessee anti-evolution bill passes House
Tennessee's anti-evolution legislation still under fire
Tennessee's "monkey bill" on hold

Related Off-Site Material


Tennessee General Assembly: Information on HB 368, includes video from committee hearings
Tennessee General Assembly: Information on SB 893

Texas, 2009

One "academic freedom" bill has been introduced in Texas in 2009.

Bill Details


Bill Number: HB 4224
Title: Evolution Academic Freedom Act
Introduction Date: March 13, 2009
Current Status: No committee action; legislative session ended

Text as introduced



Related NCSE Articles


News: "Weaknesses" by the back door in Texas
News: Updates from the Lone Star state

Related Off-Site Material


Texas Legislature: Information on HB 4224

Texas, 2011

One "academic freedom" bill has been introduced in Texas in 2011.

Bill Details


Bill Number: HB 2454
Title: none, "prohibiting discrimination by public institutions of higher education against faculty members and students based on their conduct of research relating to intelligent design"
Introduction Date: March 8, 2011
Current Status: Referred to Higher Education Committee

Text as introduced



Related NCSE Articles


News: Intelligent Design legislation in Texas

Related Off-Site Material


Texas Legislature: Information on HB 2458